The Army Reserve provides trained, equipped and ready Soldiers, Leaders, and Units to meet America’s requirements at home and abroad.
Army Reserve forces are always available for the needs of the Army and the Joint Force. The Army Reserve falls under the day-to-day command and control of the president and the secretary of defense. ArmyReserve Soldiers and units can be used by the Joint Force for missions in peacetime and in wartime, during training and when mobilized, for planning and for operations.
In addition, the Army can mobilize individuals or parts of units from the Army Reserve in order to meet the needs of a mission. This enables Army Reserve forces to plan and train along with their active counterparts.
The Army Reserve is uniquely capable of providing tailored units and structure in support of combat command requirements. The Army Reserve can draw on a wide base of professional and civilian skills, and can mobilize or activate forces in any combination or in any organization, or it can mobilize individuals. The Army Reserve can tailor forces for specific combat command or contingency requirements.
The Army Reserve is structured to manage specialized capabilities, including those not present anywhere else in the Joint Force.
• Sustainment capabilities that are needed for major operations, but too expensive to keep on active duty when not required, such as theater-level transportation and sustainment.
• Career fields with skills that are in high demand in the civilian sector and difficult to retain on active duty, such as medical, legal, engineering, and cyber skills.
The Army Reserve comprises 20 percent of the Total Army for 6 percent of its budget. Now, in an era of reduced resources, the Army Reserve provides the most efficient and cost-effective way to mitigate the risks inherent in drawdown. The Army Reserve is the Army’s major source of trained units and individual Soldiers. It seamlessly integrates and generates essential assets and capabilities across the nation and globally to complement and enable the Total Army and the Joint Force.